1: Basic Research
Principles postulated and observed but no experimental proof available.
2: Technology Formulation
Concept and application have been formulated.
3: Applied Research
First laboratory tests completed. Proof of Concept.
4: Small Scale Prototype
Built in a laboratory Environment (ugly prototype).
5: Large Scale Prototype
Tested in intended environment.
6: Prototype system
Tested in intended environment close to expected performance.
7: Demonstration System
Operating in operation environment in per commercial scale.
8: Commercial System
Manufacturing Issues solved, Market establishment. Pre-Commercialisation Demonstration.
9: Full Commercial Application
Technology available for consumers, Full Commercial Roll out.